Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Overview

What is benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)?

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), sometimes called benign prostatic hypertrophy, is an enlarged prostate gland. The prostate is a gland that surrounds the urethra, which carries urine from the bladder out of the body. As the prostate becomes larger, it may squeeze or partly block the urethra, causing problems with urination.

BPH occurs in more than half of men over age 75 due to changes in hormone balance and cell growth. It is not cancer, and does not develop into or cause cancer or erection problems. While the symptoms can be uncomfortable and frustrating, BPH is rarely a serious health concern.

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Treatment Options

How is BPH treated?

Most men do not need intervention for BPH unless they have related problems such as bladder infections or bladder stones. Medication  may reduce the symptoms if these become a real nuisance. There are also steps you can take at home to reduce or control your symptoms:

  • Practice “double voiding.” Urinate as much as you can, relax for a few moments, and then urinate again.
  • Avoid caffeine and alcohol, which make your body try to get rid of water and can make you urinate more often.
  • Avoid medications that make urination more difficult, including over-the-counter and prescription antihistamines, decongestants and allergy pills.

Speak to your 21st Century Oncology Urologist to find out whether medication or other treatments are right for you.

Radiation Therapy for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

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